Treatment You Can Trust

The most popular type of braces at Ghaffari Orthodontics are metal braces. This treatment has a long history of straightening smiles for patients of all ages in Vienna and the surrounding areas.

What Are Braces Made of?

Today’s braces are a distant relative of the clunky tin grins of the past. Modern braces are smaller and more comfortable than ever before with low profiles and comfortable edges.


Dr. Ghaffari only uses the highest quality brackets from 3M/Unitek that are smaller and smoother to provide the ultimate comfort. These are made from a mix of stainless steel, nickel, and other metals.

Brackets have little hooks and doors where a wire is threaded. A bracket is secured by closing the door or by placing an elastic over the top of the wire.

Mouth-Friendly Glue

This is what Dr. Ghaffari will use to attach the brackets to your teeth. It’s common to attach the bracket directly to the tooth with oral-friendly glue.


This thin piece of metal runs from one bracket to another. Dr. Ghaffari will change the wire's shape and curvature to move your teeth in the right direction.

The wire will often attach all your bottom or upper teeth together. We may cut the wire if connecting just a few teeth is better for your treatment plan.


Elastics are strung between an upper bracket hook and a lower bracket hook. This pulls your upper jaw backward to correct an overbite, or the lower jaw back to correct an underbite. We especially use rubber bands when we want to put extra pressure on the teeth or jaws.

Orthodontic Bands

We cement these stainless steel rings to your teeth using dental bonding agents. These bands secure your braces, but we don’t use them for everyone.


If we need to create space between your teeth, we put spacers on the job. We use these small elastic “donuts” or rings typically before we place your bands are placed. You might also hear them called “separators”.

Elastic Ties

Dr. Ghaffari uses these tiny rubber rings or bands to attach the archwire to the brackets. Elastics are less rigid than spacers and you can get them in dozens of colors.

Metal Braces FAQ